Free Patriotic Movement
The Free Patriotic Movement (FPM) was founded in 1994 by General Michel Aoun, a former Commander of the Lebanese Army in the 1980s and interim Prime Minister (1988-1990). General Aoun at the time rejected the Taif agreement and was defeated on October 13, 1990 by the Syrian forces, and forced to leave Lebanon. His exile in France ended in 2005 when he returned to Lebanon following the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri and the withdrawal of the Syrian Army. Since 2005, has become one of the largest parliamentary blocs and the most popular party in the Christian community. In 2006, FPM formed an alliance with Hezbollah and moved closer to pro-Syrian regime stances after nearly 15 years of staunch opposition to the Damascus authorities. Michel Aoun was elected President of the Republic in October 2016 for a six-year term. His party is currently led by his son-in-law Gebran Bassil, who is also Lebanon’s Foreign Minister. FPM and its allies won 29 seats in the 2018 parliamentary election, making it the first bloc in Parliament.